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Reconciling National Interests and Global Climate Justice to Achieve the Paris Agreement

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Friday, 14 September 2018, 2:00


Friday, September 14, 2018. 2:00PM. Reconciling National Interests and Global Climate Justice to Achieve the Paris Agreement. Yannick Glemarec, UN Women. Sponsored by Institute of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Rutgers Global, Department of Environmental Sciences, Department of Human Ecology, Department of Geography, and the Rutgers Climate Institute. More information here.


The Paris Agreement on climate change revolves around nationally determined contributions (NDC). This ‘’bottom-up” approach side steps the core disagreements on how to distribute greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions across countries that hampered earlier efforts to reach a global deal on climate change. It acknowledges that the ambition of the global climate response will be determined by Parties’ understanding of their national interests. The aggregate effort currently envisaged in NDCs is insufficient to avoid disastrous climate change. Climate stability is a global public good and Parties will ratchet up their mitigation efforts only if it is individually rational to do so. To increase the ambition of NDCs, it will be essential to convince Parties that the short-term benefits of robust national climate action outweigh its costs.


Low carbon technologies are increasingly competitive and can generate significant net development benefits. However, optimizing net development benefits of climate policies is anything but trivial. They vary depending on local settings and do not benefit all equally. To be effective, climate policies must be perceived as just. Climate justice links human rights, development and climate regimes to make climate action a development win for all. A climate justice perspective provides a normative, analytical and procedural framework to assess ex-ante potential net development benefits and to legitimize action to realize them. Far from being antinomic, national interests and climate justice goals can be mutually supportive.


Location  New Jersey Institute for Food, Nutrition, & Health (IFNH), Room 101 61 Dudley Rd, New Brunswick, NJ 08901